Root Chakra

Root Chakra


The Root Chakra is the first and the densest of the seven primary chakras that serve as the major nodal points in the subtle body of every individual, and act as a portal for the flow of energy between a single individual and the greater cosmos. Thus, the chakras are essential for the flow of vital energy through the body, and this chakra acts as the base of the entire chakra system simply by the virtue of its position being at the base of the spine nearest to earth. The element associated with this chakra is earth, which represents the most solid and materialistic manifestation of the thoughts and actions of any individual. Therefore, the 1st Chakra stays true to its name by enabling individuals to stay rooted, and provide them with the necessary skills for survival.



Root Chakra Symbol:

Muladhara Root ChakraThe lotus symbol for the Mooladhara Chakra consists of four petals around a large circle, red in color, along with a yellow square within the circle and containing a downward pointing triangle inside it. The downward direction of the arrow indicates the nature of this mooladhara chakra, which is towards the earth, along with the Kundalini serpent being present inside the triangle, wrapping a Shiva lingam, being true to this chakra being the most physical of all the major chakras. The downward arrow indicates the force of gravity that people feel all the time, and helps individuals derive energy and motivation to stay rooted in the midst of material existence.



Other Names of the Root Chakra & its Location:

The position of the Root Chakra is at the base of the spine, somewhere around the coccygeal plexus, which makes its Sanskrit name Muladhara Chakra ideal for it. This is because the literal meaning of the term Muladhara in Sanskrit is to provide root support, and this chakra indeed acts as the root or base upon which all the other six chakras stand. The Root Chakra is the most physical of them all, and is entirely concerned with providing the life force to individuals that they would require for surviving in the face of the calamities and challenges in their lives, while also allowing them to stay grounded to ensure a solid base.

Muladhara Chakra Deity - Child Brahma Child Dakini


The location of the Root Chakra (red chakra) in the body is at the coccygeal plexus which makes it have a deep impact upon the sciatic nerve, which plays an important role in enabling locomotion through proper movement of the lower limbs. Moreover, the lower limbs are the part of the body in near constant connection with the ground, and this chakra is all about establishing a powerful connection with the earth element.



Root Chakra Functions:

Chakra one, the root chakra (Muladhara Chakra)The Root Chakra is closely associated with the adrenal glands that play an important role in flight or fight response that people experience in response to a stressful situation. Thus, the Chakra 1 is deeply involved in ensuring the very survival of an individual, as well as, their materialistic prosperity among other functions.

A robust Root Chakra manifests in the form of healthy body, and abundance of energy and vitality. However, blockages to the Root Chakra can result in sluggishness, depression, and a general disconnect from the body. Similarly, proper functioning of this chakra is essential for ensuring clarity in thinking, and the ability to prioritize and set clear goals. Red being the densest color, it is intimately related with the existence of passion and determination in an individual to strive for monetary and professional progress.  It is also essential for the presence of will, courage, and determination in a person to strive forward, while any hindrances to its functioning leads to excessive stubbornness, and a surge of resentment and pessimism in general thinking.



Root Chakra Meditation & Exercises:

The First Chakra is all about allowing the body to rekindle the connection with the Mother Earth, and be able to soak in all the possibilities that lies at its feet. Thus, the exercises aimed at removing obstacles from this chakra involve exercises that help in strengthening the lower part of the body, especially the lower limbs and the basal region of the spine to allow the practitioners to benefit from a stronger base.


Grounding Meditation:

This meditative exercise is aimed at improving the functioning of the Root Chakra by allowing the body to feel at ease with the sensation of being firmly rooted to the ground, even at times of intense motion. The exercise involves sitting comfortably on a chair, and placing the feet on the ground firmly to feel the connection with earth, but taking care not to develop any tension. This feeling of connectivity is essential for synching the chakra with the earth plane, and feel the surge of energy flowing through the body, in and out, all the while being in deep contact with the earth plane.


Yoga Postures:

Knee to Chest Posture or Apanasana:

Knee to Chest

This Chakra 1 exercise involves lying flat on one’s back, with the feet places a couple of feet from the buttocks with knees in a bent position. Moving one foot towards the chest, while keeping the other fixed to the ground, and visualizing expansion in the root of this chakra can help in improving the flow of energy through it.


Bridge Pose or Setu Bhandasana:

Bridge Pose - Setu Bhandasana

This is another yogic exercise, which aims to strengthen the basal region of the spine in particular, and improve the flexibility and motility of the body to make the body feel at ease with the firm and dynamic contact with the ground. This exercise is also effective in activating the Solar plexus chakra.



Deep Relaxation:

This is an extremely effective form of Hatha Yoga practice, which is also known by the name of Conscious Relaxation, and aims to ground and relax every part of the body. However, it follows an exceedingly methodical approach of relaxing and grounding one body part at a time, and thus the practitioners can expect complete cleansing of each of their chakras, including the 1st Chakra.


Movement Exercises:

The movement exercises are aimed at ensuring that there is no dearth of energy in the lower part of the body whenever the body makes direct contact with the earth. This is believed to produce the desired results of grounding by enabling the body to stay in contact with the earth for longer durations, and allowing for the maximum flow of energy through the Root Chakra. A number of stances such as the Basic Grounding Stance, The Elephant Stance, and the Pushing the Feet Stance provide the ideal options to the individual intending to enhance the strength of their lower limits by energizing them.

First stand comfortably with arms by your sides. Now rise up on your toes and come back down hard on your heels, and also bending your knees as you do. Repeat this a few times.


Common Sense Grounding Exercises:

Various common everyday activities such as running, walking, eating, and even sleeping can prove to be excellent grounding exercises for the body. Moreover, certain voluntary actions such as stamping of feet, kicking, and jumping up and down can provide additional surge of energy and strength to the Red Chakra.


Quick Facts About Sahasrara Chakra:

Sanskrit Name:
Seed Sound:
Inner State:
Outer Manifestation:
Other Parts:

Root support
Perineum, base of spine, coccygeal plexus
Survival, grounding
Stillness, security, stability
Right to be here, right to have
Legs, feet, bones, large intestine, teeth
Weight problems, hemorrhoids, constipation, sciatica, degenerative arthritis, knee troubles




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